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What is God?

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Who invented reincarnation?

Action and reaction

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Spiritual World

Instrumental transcommunication

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The phenomena of Hydesville

Allan Kardec

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Spiritual obsession

What is God?

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What is God?

With all due respect to other beliefs, it is easy to see that the ideas about God need be reformulated. In many religions. God is still perceived in the same way as he was in the time of Moses. However, with the amount of knowledge we have today, we should be able to look upon God with a more comprehensive point of view. 

Those who read the Old Testament, without prejudice, observe in numerous passages how God strikes out at humanity as if with a sword of vengeance. God is shown as being partial, contradictory, almost always outraged, even furious, unfair, resentful and cruel at times. This God also presents Himself similar to an apprentice of the Creator, who does experiments without knowing exactly what will be the outcome.

In the first chapter of the Bible, the Genesis, verses three and four, it is written: " And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness."  These verses demonstrate a God that was unaware that “the light” would be “good.”

According to the Old Testament, after each of God’s acts of creation, He observed that the creation had resulted in something good. In the end, after all had been concluded, He went back to check if everything He had created was perfect. 

Let's meditate for a moment about the greatness of the universe, the infinity of galaxies that are lost in the cosmic immensity, about the structure of our planet: the nature, where all elements are coordinated in perfect harmony, as to create life.

The human body is the perfect machine and the brain is its fabulous structure with the vastness of a mind and a psychic...

If we reflect about any aspect of the universe and life, we ask ourselves: who did it all and who commands it? Is it possible to believe that the “Cosmic Mind” which elaborated the laws that regulate everything and created the immensity of universe and life, could be doing an experiment with the creation, to be unaware of the outcome, as it is written in the Old Testament?

Could He have done something so imperfect, that He would then have to check if there were errors in His creation?

Could it be that God, who is absolute perfection, would regret having done something, as if He had not known what he was doing and therefore made a mistake?

In Gen. 6:6 and 7 it is written: “...And Jehovah repented that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart."

So said the Lord: “And Jehovah said, I will wipe out man whom I have created from the face of the earth, from man to beast, to the crawling things and the birds of the heavens; for I repent that I made them.”

Don’t you think that attitudes like these should be expected from a human being, but never from God? However, the regrets of Jehovah are everywhere on the biblical history, i.e., Exodus 32:14, for having threatened the people of Israel; in 1st Sam. 15:11 and 35, for having made Saul a king; in 2nd Sam., for having decimated 70 thousand of His people; in Jonah 3:10, He regretted the evil He had promised to afflict in Nineveh, etc.

However, in 1st Samuel 15:29, He says while referring to God: " the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for it is not a man, that it should repent."

This mentality and actions are understandable and even compatible with the age that they were written. In 1800 BC, during which acts of barbarian reigned. Is it possible to believe that they could be directly originated from God, the supreme intelligence, the primary case of all things, and perfection in all its attributes? Is it possible that today with the intellectual, moral and ethical advances of humanity, man would not see that God could not made these mistakes nor regretted what he had made?

In Deut. 10:18 it is said that God “deals justly with the fatherless and widow, and loves the stranger, in giving him food and shelter”, and concludes: “Love ye therefore the stranger for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt". However, still in Deut. 20:16, God guides His people through the invasion and extermination of six nations, with the aim of taking over their lands. Jehovah orders the killing of everything that breathes.

In 1st Samuel 28:17/19, while making reference to the war of Israel against Amalek, in a moment of fury, Jehovah ordered the killing of all that breathed, including children and even the animals. He punished Saul and his whole family with death and delivered Israel to the hands of its enemies, because Saul had not sacrificed all of the animals that were intended to be offered.

Jaime Andrade, a writer and researcher on the Bible, in his book The Spiritism and the Reformed Churches, counts more than 60 assaults of rage attributed to Jehovah, between the books Exodus and 2nd Kings.


Some reflections

A) In your conception of God, do you believe He could act in this way, so cruelly, and perversely, so much so as to order the killing of everything, even children, and then the punishment of Saul and all his family, and the people of Israel, based on the fact that they had left some animals alive?

If you were God, would you behave this way?

B) Do you think that God, the perfect justice and the source of universal love, could have assaults of fury or anger?

C) Do you believe the Creator to be as perverse and vengeful as demonstrated in the Old Testament, not only in this passage, but also in hundred others?

The passages stated in the text represent a minimal part of the absurdity found in the Old Testament with regards to God or Jehovah, led us to several hypotheses: 

A) Moses desired to have the respect of the people who were rude and proud. So, he attributed characteristics of fury, vengeance and brutality to God, which are abundant in the Old Testament. These characteristics are also present in the holocausts, offerings, etc.

B) As Jaime Andrade puts it, it is quite likely that the spiritual guides, responsible for the evolution of the Israeli people, presented themselves as Jehovah. Jehovah was actually not God, but rather a spirit who had warlike characteristics in their race.  Every man and every people have a Spiritual Guide compatible with their level of evolution. Perhaps one of the Israeli ancestors, positioned with the necessary authority, imposed himself and this school of thought to dominate.

The writer Aureliano Alves Neto, in the prologue of the book The Spiritism and The Reformed Churches, replicates the words of Reverend Maurice Elliot, in the book Tangible Errors of the Bible. Aureliano Alves Neto says that “The misunderstanding of the Bible is the worst enemy of mankind (...) No book is infallible. No church is infallible. We have been wrongly taught. God is Truth. To love God is to love the Truth, to love the search for the Truth, to love the fight for the Truth. There is no other way.”

Bear in mind that these words were told by a Reverend.

We can conclude then that the image of God presented by religions is absolutely incompatible with the unimaginable greatness of this fabulous “Cosmic Mind”.  God is responsible for the creation and maintenance of the universe and all that is in it, including the life and laws that control it. As, we are not even able to understand infinity and the dimension of time and space; we should not be so pretentious to attempt to define God.

Allan Kardec, in the codification of the Spiritist Doctrine, asked the superior spirits, “What is God?” and the answer was:

“God is the Supreme Intelligence – First Cause of All Things.”

 The spirits went on and explained that God is eternal, infinite, unchangeable, immaterial, unique, all-powerful, just and good.

Other attributes of God are very well explained in detailed in the first chapter of The Spirits’ Book, one of the core books in the codification of the Spiritist Doctrine.

The spirit Miramez, in the book Spiritist Philosophy, vol.1, a psychograph by João Nunes Maia, speaks of God in these terms:

“The Supreme Being of the Universe is Inconceivable and Incomparable. Nothing can be compared to the Universal Architect. All living have the sign of His love and are created out of His vigorous and energetic being. We are all sons of Love.”

 “God is infinite and perfect. His inherent qualities radiate in every direction. He sustains and gives existence to all dimensions of existing. He is present in the clarity of the maximum and in the light of the minimum. He vibrates in the shapes of stars. He sings in the movements of atoms. He makes all the constellations move. He harmonises the cosmic nest.”

These affirmatives make us feel lighter, freer and at peace with life, as we begin to understand that God neither crushes us with His assaults nor reject us due to His preferences. He does not punish us for faults, which are inherent to our spiritual immaturity, but instead conduct us with justice and love in our path of spiritual evolution. God gives us new and renewed opportunities of readjustment to His laws.

We understand that for the Jewish the Old Testament is a sacred book, as it contains their history and is the basis for their religious life.

Having said this, for others who are from a different background and those open to rethinking about who is God, we need let ourselves be guided by today’s knowledge and not by the Old Testament strict interpretation which stagnates us in our evolution. As Reverend Maurice Elliot said: “The misunderstanding of the Bible is the worst enemy of mankind.”


Logical Question

Where then is the religious truth?

 The absolute and supreme truth is with God. Religions have parts or different pieces of this truth. This is why they are different, one from the other. This is the reason why many people go to one religion, and then move to another, until they find the one to which they better adjust, according to their degree of evolution and their mental perceptions.

In man’s search for Truth, he looks for God. In man’s impulse for evolution, he will find Truth in religion. The Truth that makes sense to him must fit his ideas, his inner nature, his degree of evolution, the way he sees, thinks and feels. It can also be according to his spiritual interests or lack of them.

Therefore, many religions are useless despite their search for the Truth. True religion will exist on Earth only when human beings truly dedicate themselves to experience fraternity, good feelings, an honest, ethical and noble conduct, in the absence of pride, greed or hate. When this happens man’s virtues will vibrate from within him. All other religions are only paths or formulas created to help man reach true religion one day; that which Jesus taught when he said: “Love God above all things, love your neighbour as yourself”.




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